Expert organization in plant nutrition
Expert organization in plant nutrition
Aquaculture Deficiencies Products Pests Diseases Subject

ALMOND GROWING Care Disease Pests Nutritional Deficiency and Plant Nutrition

Almond maintenance breeding nutrient deficiency disease, pests and plant supply Almond, dry and hot summers, warm and rainy Mediterranean climate is ideal for winters.

However, due to the fact that the wood part is resistant to winter cold, it can grow in places where winter cold is high.

The wood part of the tree can withstand temperatures down to -20 ° C to -30 ° C.

Winter resistance of flower buds is less than peach flower buds.

Almond cultivation cannot be done economically in places where winter temperatures are high in our country.

The need for winter rest is shorter than other fruit trees.

A temperature of 90-400 hours below + 5 ° C is sufficient.

For almond farming, non-stagnant weather conditions at the beginning of spring are of great importance.

In spring, the most critical period in terms of frost events is the period of flowering and blunt age.

Flowers that can withstand -4 ° C, -5 ° C at the time of flowering, are damaged at -1 ° C, -O, 5 ° C during the blossoming era.

There are big differences between varieties in terms of frost resistance.

PLANT FOOD DEFICIENCIES, SYMPTOMS, REMOVAL AND FERTILIZATION IN ALMOND CULTURE  

Almond cultivation of plants in nutrient deficiency, symptoms, removal, fertilization In case of deficiency, please use one of our products or search for the following.

To avoid deficiencies, use regularly as the first leaves are up to the sparrow beak.

Zinc deficiency in almond cultivation

A typical symptom of zinc deficiency in almonds is the formation of shrunken, shrunken leaves and rosettes.

The reason for this measurement is that the lengths of the nodes are considerably shortened.

Leaf edges sometimes become wavy.

Yellow leaf mosaic stains occur between the veins, with the vascular edges of the leaf surface remaining green.

If deficiency is not too severe, yellow mosaic stains occur.

If deficiency is not too severe only affects the leaves, shoot development continues normally.

However, if deficiency is severe, shoot development stops completely.

The number of fruit buds in shoots decreases or disappears completely.

Potassium deficiency in almonds In almonds,

potassium deficiency causes curling and reddish brown spots on the leaves.

At the ends of the shoots die, weak flower measurement and fruits are smaller than normal.  

Potassium deficiency in plants with turgor pressure drops and water stress when plants become loose textured.

Drought and frost resistance weakens.

Similarly, plants are much more sensitive to disease agents and salty soil conditions.

Abnormal developments are seen in plant tissues and cell organelles.

The formation of xylem and phloem tissues in the plant regresses.

Tissue ligninization is reduced.

As a result, the body weakens in potassium deficiency.

Potassium is a nutrient that affects many quality elements in plants.

Therefore, potassium deficiency in plants leads to various quality deteriorations depending on the characteristics of the plant.

Nitrogen deficiency in almonds

Nitrogen deficiency in almonds causes trees to grow.

Nitrogen deficiency in the period is manifested by the fact that the leaves are light green and yellow.

Shoots are short, weak, thin and irregularly die in shoots in different parts of the tree.

Fruits become small, light colored, thick rind and mature early.

The ability to move within the copper plant is not good.

Therefore, deficiency symptoms are seen in newly formed leaves.

Grayish green color, even whitening happens as color changes and fading.

Development weakens.

Almond trees dry at the end of the branches.

In some cases, larger than normal leaves are formed before the tip drying.

Boron deficiency in almonds In the almond

boron deficiency, the flowers suddenly fade as if they were damaged by the cold and become black brown.

But they do not fall as they stand on the branch for a while.

Although frost damages create the same appearance, flowers affected by frost are immediately shed.

In case of severe deficiency, leaf output is delayed.

Iron deficiency in almonds In the almond iron deficiency,

even the thinnest veins remain green and the color between these veins turns completely yellow.

In broadleaf plants, the leaves show a green network view on a yellow background.

In cases where deficiency is very severe, the veins also turn yellow.

A very typical feature of iron deficiency is that the younger the leaves, the more severe the symptoms are.

Unlike other nutrient deficiencies, a typical feature of iron deficiency is that the chlorinated leaves remain viable without readily dying.

However, if the deficiency is very, very severe, the leaves may also die.

Phosphorus deficiency in almonds

Almond phosphorus deficiency slows the growth of the tree.

Leaf system is dark green-looking, leaf stalks and young shoots are purple in color.

In older leaves, it becomes tanned and shed early.

Nitrogen deficiency negatively affects the vegetative development of the plant.

Leaf, body system becomes quite weak.

Vegetative development period is shortened, plants become early cases. Early flowering.

Early aging results from the effect of nitrogen on the synthesis and transport of cytokine.

Cytokinin is a hormone that enables the plant to grow strongly and keep the young period longer.

Reduction of this hormone in nitrogen deficiency causes early aging of the plant, in other words, short vegetative growth period.

SOIL REQUIREMENTS IN ALMOND CULTURE

It is a kind of fruit that does not have much selectivity in terms of soil requirements.

It gives good product in light, deep, filtered and alluvial soils. In such soils the roots go deep 3-5 m.

Important note:

Always use Wet spreader glue if your irrigation or spray water has a pH of 8 - 8.5 every time you spray your garden. (Soil and water pH in many regions of our country is up to 8- 8.5 or even up to 9.) All drugs produced are produced according to the pH range of 6-7. Even the best quality medicines lose their effect by up to 30%, from 6 to 15 minutes. Buddha will reduce the effect of your medicine.

For this reason, our advice to your holder, tank or back pump,

TANK RANKING (DO NOT BREAK THE RANKING)

1 PH DECREASING ADHESIVE  It reduces the pH of the spraying water and prevents the deterioration of the drug. Once the medicines are applied to the plant, it allows the drug to spread to the leaf and prevents it from flowing through the leaves.
2 PLANT FOOD Provides smooth and balanced nutrition of the plant. It makes the fruits attractive, bright, colorful, large, durable, hard, heavy, tasty and pleasantly fragrant.
3 INSECTICIDES Use a medicine against pests at the bottom of the page, according to the pest period. Pay attention to the duration of harvesting - use of medicines.
4 FUNGUSİT MUSHROOM (After mixing in a separate container) Use a medicine against pests at the bottom of the page, depending on the disease period. Pay attention to the duration of harvesting - use of medicines.
5 OTHER Other trace elements recommended by technical staff.  

Try to use all of them as much as possible, reducing costs.

LIME SOLVENT It should be used in calcareous soils at the beginning of the season. Lime wrapped around capillary roots destroys the creamy layer. Soil bound iron, phosphorus and phosphates are released in the soil, the plant uses them. you do not need to use iron and phosphorus fertilizers repeatedly. 1 Kg drip irrigation per hectare
PLANT FOOD First application before flowering,
second application in fruit attitude,
The third application is done 45 days before harvest
Two applications with 300 gr / 100 lt water in all periods required.
200-300 cc
ZINC Apply when eyes explode and flowering is over. The most important time to apply the fruit is collected (before the leaves fall yet) configure. It allows the accumulation of zinc in the eyes of next spring and healthy new shoots. 125-150 cc
DRIP IRRIGATION NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS, BALANCED, POTASSIUM It should be used regularly every semester. NPK of the plant must be met 2-3 kg
ORGANIC Organic based drip irrigation and release irrigation fertilizer. Fifteen days apart. One empty, one full watering or split quantities full watering Dönüme
5-7 kg

Foliar fertilizer should be used in every application. Leaf fertilizers prevent plants from getting stressed. It meets the micro element needs of plants. Improves fruit set and quality of fruits.

coryneum beijerinckii
cytospora
spp.
monilinia fructigena
taphrina deformans
pseudomonas syringae
armillaria mellea
taphrina
pruni
pseudomonas amygdali
agrobacterium tumefaciens
tranzschelia pruni-spinosae
parthenole- canium corni
polyphylla
spp.
hoplocampa spp.
quadraspidiotus perniciosus)
Aphis
pomi
Archips rosanus
Phyllonorycter gerasimowi
zeuzera
pyrina
euproctis chrysorrhoea
hyphantria cunea
stephanitis
pyri
epidiaspis leperii
cydia funebrana
eurytoma amygdali
sphaerolecanium prunastri
pseudaulacaspis pentagona
Scolytus rugulosus
capnodis Scolytus
Spilonota ocellana
 (epicometis hirta
Meyve goz kurtlari
anarsia lineatella
cydia
molesta
plum pox potyvirus
purunus necrotik ring
prune dwarf ilarvirus

SOIL PREPARATION IN ALMOND CULTURE

The soil is primarily driven deep.

Planting range should be 8-9 m in strong soils and 5-6 m in weak and less deep soils.

In addition, as the amount of rainfall decreases, planting intervals should be increased.

The establishment of almonds under dry conditions is done by raising and vaccinating in situ.

Only after 2-3 years do they reach the level that can be vaccinated.

ALMOND TREE FEATURES

Tree: 6-8 m long. In some cases the height of the trees can be up to 12 m.

All the buds on the annual branches grow in the same season and the tree becomes flat if the second branches occur. Almond trees live on average for 50 years.

It is also possible to come across trees that live up to 100 years old.

Root: Pile root type. Since the fringe root is small, the seedlings give much losses during the displacement.

Leaves: Large, medium and small according to the varieties.

The color varies from light to dark green.

The edges of the leaf are toothed.

Buds: Flower buds are found on branches of different ages and on short fruit dallets called 2-13 cm long bouquet.

GARDEN PLANT IN ALMOND BREEDING

Most of our growers produce almond seeds.

As with other fruit species, almonds are produced by vaccination.

The most common method of vaccination for almonds is stagnant ocular vaccination on an old seedling.

However, in the Datca region, mostly eye shoots are performed. In addition, barren places in the garden by planting seeds (seeds) can be made in the way of vaccination.

Pen vaccine can also be used in almond production.

The shepherd vaccine should be preferred under the shell rather than the split vaccine. rootstocks Almond: Almond crumbs are ideal for chalky and dry conditions.

Peach: It is more superficially rooted and shorter than Almond. Early to bed. It is used in places with low lime.

Nemaquard should be used as rootstock in places with nemotod. Plum: Water holding, root rot is used in soiled dishes.

However, it is not good to match all varieties.

ESTABLISHMENT OF GARDENS

Since almond is a fast growing fruit, frequent planting should be avoided. Square planting in gardens should be preferred.

Cross sloping (contour) planting should be done on the slope. Trees should be watered several times in the summer following planting.

Planting of seedlings in regions that do not pass cold in winter is done in January. In cold regions, it is useful to wait for March.

Seedling pits should be 70-80 cm depth and width.

Vaccination of planted seedlings should be kept in the soil.

Almond flowers are incompatible.

Therefore, in the case of a garden without any other kind of pollinator, no or very little product can be taken.

For this reason, it is necessary to plant one type that can pollinate 8-10 trees together with the main variety.

FRUIT It belongs to the group of hard shelled fruits. In the ripe and dried almonds, the outer green shell is dried and separated from the hard shell.

Almonds are divided into 4 according to their shell properties. l. Hand almonds: easily broken by hand. 2-.Teeth almonds:

They are easily broken by hand with teeth. 3-Hard almonds: easy to hammer, hard to break with teeth. 4. Stone almonds: The shell is broken only with a hammer.

ANNUAL MAINTENANCE WORKS The top of the planted saplings is shot at 70-80 cm. Summer pruning should be done after planting.

Almond trees are usually dressed according to modified leader or goble shapes.

Irrigation: Almond cultivation is carried out in dry conditions in our country.

However, if diluted, the yield increases by 2-4 times.

HARVEST: Harvest should be started after the fruits ripen well and the outer shell is shelled. In foreign countries, machine harvesting is also performed.