Expert organization in plant nutrition
Expert organization in plant nutrition
Aquaculture Deficiencies Products Pests Diseases Subject

GARDEN GROWING Care Disease Pests Nutritional Deficiency and Plant Nutrition

Okra is a warm climate vegetable. It makes high yields by showing regular improvement in high temperature areas.

It can withstand low temperatures of 5-6 ° C if it is acclimated to low temperatures despite being a hot climate vegetable.

However, the yield is very low. In regions where temperatures fall at night, the plant remains stunted and does not produce regular crops.

Seeding should be done when the average air temperature is 15-20 ° C and the soil temperature is at least 15 ° C.

SOIL REQUEST IN GARDEN GROWING

Okra is not very selective in terms of soil demand. It can be grown easily in any kind of soil.

It can also grow successfully in soils with high groundwater level where other kinds of vegetables cannot grow.

However, deep, permeable and sandy loam soils are the most ideal soil type for economic production.

It does not like excessive soil moisture especially during seed sowing.

In nutrients and especially in nitrogen-rich soils, the nodium breaks are prolonged, so that the number of fruits decreases and yield decreases.

The cream binding property of the soil is a major drawback for okra production.

Clay soils cause big problems especially in seed germination period.

For this reason, the sowing of okra seeds in the spring by late seed germination problems encountered in this period tries to eliminate.

The development of the plant after the soil becomes very easy. The plant is very resistant to environmental conditions.

Suitable pH values ​​between 5.0-8.0.

SOIL PREPARATION AND PLANTING IN GARDEN GROWING

Okra production is usually done in the form of direct seed sowing on the neck points of furrows prepared in the field.

Production can be made with seedlings grown in tube, albeit in very small proportions.

However, the rate is very low. Production can also be done by planting seeds directly into the flat field.

In spring, the soil is plowed not to be deep. According to the weather conditions, the soil is sunbathed for a few days before the Disk-Harrow. All fertilizers are given at once. The bobbin which will be planted in the field is leveled with 40-50 cm intervals. If soil annealing is sufficient, sowing is done immediately.

If the soil annealing is not good, the tubes are given release water and expected to anneal.

When the soil is annealed, it is sown to 2-3 cm depth with 20-25 cm row distance to the neck points of the tubes and 3 seeds to each hearth.

Important note:

Always use Wet spreader glue if your irrigation or spray water has a pH of 8 - 8.5 every time you spray your garden. (Soil and water pH in many regions of our country is up to 8- 8.5 or even up to 9.) All drugs produced are produced according to the pH range of 6-7. Even the best quality medicines lose their effect by up to 30%, from 6 to 15 minutes. Buddha will reduce the effect of your medicine.

For this reason, our advice to your holder, tank or back pump,

TANK RANKING (DO NOT BREAK THE RANKING)

1 PH DECREASING ADHESIVE  It reduces the pH of the spraying water and prevents the deterioration of the drug. Once the medicines are applied to the plant, it allows the drug to spread to the leaf and prevents it from flowing through the leaves.
2 PLANT FOOD Provides smooth and balanced nutrition of the plant. It makes the fruits attractive, bright, colorful, large, durable, hard, heavy, tasty and pleasantly fragrant.
3 INSECTICIDES Use a medicine against pests at the bottom of the page, according to the pest period. Pay attention to the duration of harvesting - use of medicines.
4 FUNGUSİT MUSHROOM (After mixing in a separate container) Use a medicine against pests at the bottom of the page, depending on the disease period. Pay attention to the duration of harvesting - use of medicines.
5 OTHER Other trace elements recommended by technical staff.  

Try to use all of them as much as possible, reducing costs.

LIME SOLVENT It should be used in calcareous soils at the beginning of the season. Lime wrapped around capillary roots destroys the creamy layer. Soil bound iron, phosphorus and phosphates are released in the soil, the plant uses them. you do not need to use iron and phosphorus fertilizers repeatedly. 1 Kg drip irrigation per hectare
PLANT FOOD First application before flowering,
second application in fruit attitude,
The third application is done 45 days before harvest
Two applications with 300 gr / 100 lt water in all periods required.
200-300 cc
ZINC Apply when eyes explode and flowering is over. The most important time to apply the fruit is collected (before the leaves fall yet) configure. It allows the accumulation of zinc in the eyes of next spring and healthy new shoots. 125-150 cc
DRIP IRRIGATION NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS, BALANCED, POTASSIUM It should be used regularly every semester. NPK of the plant must be met 2-3 kg
ORGANIC Organic based drip irrigation and release irrigation fertilizer. Fifteen days apart. One empty, one full watering or split quantities full watering Dönüme
5-7 kg

Foliar fertilizer should be used in every application. Leaf fertilizers prevent plants from getting stressed. It meets the micro element needs of plants. Improves fruit set and quality of fruits.

If possible, a handful of burnt farm manure is placed on each hearth.

This application prevents the formation of cream layer. If the seeds are sown too deep. Germination and seedling on the soil becomes difficult.

If the seeds are kept between the wet gland for one day before planting, the germination may be encouraged by swelling as stated in the section on seed characteristics.

In this way, the seeds sown in the soil is enough to germinate quickly germinate within 2 weeks on the soil will emerge.

In the okra production which will be done without irrigation, after the same tillage, the seeds are planted to the flat fields by hand or seeder with 40-50 cm distance and 15-20 cm distance over the row. 1.5-2.0 kg of seed per decare is sufficient.

Try to use all of them as much as possible, reducing costs. Okra does not react too much to the fertilizer. Okra production can be made in arid land especially in Marmara region without any water and fertilizer. However, in order to get a good product, according to soil analysis results, a basic commercial fertilizer is given as 3-4 kg N, 8-10 kg P2O5, 10-12 kg K2O per hectare and mixed with Disk-Harrow at 0-15 cm depth.

It is recommended to apply 2-3 tonnes of burnt barn manure per decare. The limitation of nitrogen fertilizer application is also important in terms of preventing excessive growth of plant height.

MAINTENANCE WORKS IN GARDEN GROWING Maintenance is not different in flat field or tube production. Dilution is made so that only 2 plants are left on each stove in bobbin production. Dilution should be done if sowing is done in flat fields.

CHAMBER IN GARDEN GROWING When the plants that have completed their output are removed from their first genuine leaves, they are diluted by leaving 2 plants distant from each other in coil production and 1. Anchor is made. In flat field sowing, when the plants have 2-3 genuine leaves, 1. Hoe is made. This hoeing process both prevents the development of weeds and provides aeration of the soil.

When the plants are 15-20 cm tall in the production without water 2. Anchor is made. 3. Anchor is made if necessary according to the next development. Because the plants develop rapidly and close the gap between them and prevent the development of weeds. A similar development is observed in roller production.

However, since this type of production is irrigated, weed growth is encouraged and 3. A hoeing process may be necessary. Maintenance work to be done after the plants take 15-20 cm height is irrigation and disease-pest control.

IRRIGATION IN GARDEN GROWING In the production in the form of bobbins, irrigation is performed in the form of keel when necessary, depending on the climatic conditions with seed sowing.

Sprinkler irrigation should not be done because it promotes powdery mildew. Okra production has a positive effect on water yield, especially after the first fruits are seen.

MATURITY, HARVEST AND STORAGE

The most important process that limits the production of okra is harvest. Okra is the most difficult to harvest among vegetables. Because the fruit, the fruit stalk and the hairs on the leaves are very uncomfortable during harvest. If harvested with bare hands without any precaution, hairs cause excessive itching.

For this reason, collectors use gloves or wrap cloths on their hands, even though these feathers pass through the gloves. Okra plant begins to bloom on average 40 * 60 days after sowing, depending on the variety. Flowering again according to varieties starts in different nodi.

For example, the first flowering starts at 10 and 30 Nodium (25-30 Nodium in Amasya gum, 10-14 Nodium in Sultani gum, 10-11 Nodium in Aglasun gum) under some conditions. Harvesting of okra fruit is done one day after flowering or 3-4 days after flowering according to usage purpose and variety.

Another criterion used to determine the fruit harvest time is when the fruit reaches 1/3 of the normal variety size. Although this varies according to the size of all varieties are generally between 1.5-4.0 cm. This length is 2-5 cm, especially in our domestic varieties, whether it is table or canned food.

According to another harvest time generalization, dried varieties should be harvested before flowering. When the harvest is delayed, the fruits gain cellulosic structure, the seeds become prominent and lose their edible value. Okra harvest should be done continuously and regularly. As it is harvested, the formation of new flower fruits in the plant is encouraged. Fruits that are left to ripen for seed on the plant also inhibit plant growth.

Depending on the region and varieties okra plant harvest period continues for 1.5-4 months. Harvest is done by pulling the fruits downwards. A good worker can collect 10-15 kg of okra per day. This is even less for small fruity varieties such as Amasya flower gumbo. The biggest work force in the production of Okra is harvested. In addition, the aforementioned feathers make it difficult to find a picker in the okra harvest or cause a very expensive picker.

Harvested fruits are immediately delivered to the market in small bags, sacks or crates. When marketing is delayed, blackening occurs in fruits and market value decreases. Okra fruits can be stored in controlled warehouses at 7-10 ° C and 90-95% humidity for 8-10 days.