Expert organization in plant nutrition
Expert organization in plant nutrition
Aquaculture Deficiencies Products Pests Diseases Subject

PEPPER GROWING Care Disease Pests Nutritional Deficiency and Plant Nutrition

Pepper is a warm and warm climate vegetable. The best temperature for pepper is 2O-30 ° C. Plants maintain their vital functions up to 5 ° C.

However, the formation of flower buds stops below 8 ° C. Plants rarely survive very short periods of cold, up to 0 ° C and sometimes up to 2 ° C without freezing.

Because when the temperature drops to minus 2-3 C it is completely damaged. If the cold persists for a long time, death occurs below 0 ° C. At temperatures above 35 ° C, plant growth and growth is very slow.

At temperatures above 45 ° C, growth stops completely. At high temperatures, fruit rancidity begins.

Pepper likes soil moisture with temperature. Good development of plants depends on regular irrigation.

On the other hand, excessive irrigation should also be avoided. The temperature also has an effect on the ripening and ripening of the peppers.

For example, large bell peppers were found to bind high amounts of fruit at 15-21 ° C and thus yielded very good results.

It is seen that peppers are neutral to day length, however, they partially enjoy light intensity.

Decreasing light intensity gives plants a leafy appearance. The formation of flower buds stops. Fruit yield decreases.

In contrast, increased light intensity increases fruit formation.

When the night temperature is relatively low, the peppers form fruits without fertilization, that is, parthenocarpic seed.

The effect of low temperature is greater than before full bloom before full bloom. While this is an advantage in fruit production for the market, it is not beneficial in seed production.

SOIL REQUEST IN PEPPER GROWING

Generally, it is not too selective in terms of soil demand. For good development and productivity in peppers, it is very good in deep, permeable, good water retention, and loamy soils called garden soil rich in nutrients and organic matter.

Since the roots are delicate, they cannot be cultivated in heavy clay, airless and water holding soils. Reinforced sandy soils and especially sandy-loamy soils are suitable for early breeding.

In contrast, sandy-loam soils may be preferred when it is desirable to get plenty of crops, although it is late.

Peppers give the best development and yield on loamy-sandy, loamy-light clay, organic-rich soils. It wants soil pH to be 6.0-6.5.

GROWING OF SEEDLINGS IN PEPPER GROWING

Pepper seeds are planted in viols. Spreading sowing is not recommended, as many growers do.

For ease of maintenance and growing seedlings, planting in viols should be preferred. When using standard seed, the seed is sown 3-4 times, while using hybrid seed, 1 seed is sown 2-3 times the seed.

Seed sowing time varies by region. Seedling time is determined by considering the planting time to the exposed locations of the seedlings.

Seeds begin to germinate in 10-15 days. If the night temperature of the nursery is 10 oC, it should not fall below 20-25 ° C.

Soil moisture must be maintained for good seed output in the viola.

When there is too much moisture, decay occurs in the seeds. Maintenance works to be done in seedlings; weeding, timely watering, fertilizing, disease and pest control.

PLANTING OF SEEDLINGS TO BASIC PLACES IN PEPPER GROWING

The land on which pepper will be grown is fertilized with the specified fertilizers and the soil is cultivated.

Since the peppers are grown with regular watering and generally furrow irrigation, bobbins are prepared at the growing site.

Especially the most effective cultural measure against root collar blight is drip irrigation.

Thus, the spread of the disease with water will be prevented, an effective struggle will be.

According to whether single or double row cultivation will be done for this: 0.25-0.30 m width in single row cultivation, 0.40-0.60 m width and suitable length in double row cultivation tubes are prepared.

The row spacing may be 0.20-0.50 m depending on the type and region conditions.

 Important note:

Always use Wet spreader glue if your irrigation or spray water has a pH of 8 - 8.5 every time you spray your garden. (Soil and water pH in many regions of our country is up to 8- 8.5 or even up to 9.) All drugs produced are produced according to the pH range of 6-7. Even the best quality medicines lose their effect by up to 30%, from 6 to 15 minutes. Buddha will reduce the effect of your medicine.

For this reason, our advice to your holder, tank or back pump,

TANK RANKING (DO NOT BREAK THE RANKING)

1 PH DECREASING ADHESIVE  It reduces the pH of the spraying water and prevents the deterioration of the drug. Once the medicines are applied to the plant, it allows the drug to spread to the leaf and prevents it from flowing through the leaves.
2 PLANT FOOD Provides smooth and balanced nutrition of the plant. It makes the fruits attractive, bright, colorful, large, durable, hard, heavy, tasty and pleasantly fragrant.
3 INSECTICIDES Use a medicine against pests at the bottom of the page, according to the pest period. Pay attention to the duration of harvesting - use of medicines.
4 FUNGUSİT MUSHROOM (After mixing in a separate container) Use a medicine against pests at the bottom of the page, depending on the disease period. Pay attention to the duration of harvesting - use of medicines.
5 OTHER Other trace elements recommended by technical staff.  

Try to use all of them as much as possible, reducing costs.

LIME SOLVENT It should be used in calcareous soils at the beginning of the season. Lime wrapped around capillary roots destroys the creamy layer. Soil bound iron, phosphorus and phosphates are released in the soil, the plant uses them. you do not need to use iron and phosphorus fertilizers repeatedly. 1 Kg drip irrigation per hectare
PLANT FOOD First application before flowering,
second application in fruit attitude,
The third application is done 45 days before harvest
Two applications with 300 gr / 100 lt water in all periods required.
200-300 cc
ZINC Apply when eyes explode and flowering is over. The most important time to apply the fruit is collected (before the leaves fall yet) configure. It allows the accumulation of zinc in the eyes of next spring and healthy new shoots. 125-150 cc
DRIP IRRIGATION NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS, BALANCED, POTASSIUM It should be used regularly every semester. NPK of the plant must be met 2-3 kg
ORGANIC Organic based drip irrigation and release irrigation fertilizer. Fifteen days apart. One empty, one full watering or split quantities full watering Dönüme
5-7 kg

Foliar fertilizer should be used in every application. Leaf fertilizers prevent plants from getting stressed. It meets the micro element needs of plants. Improves fruit set and quality of fruits.

PLANTING OF SEEDLINGS IN PEPPER GROWING

When the danger of frost is completely removed and the temperature is around 15 ° C, the planting starts. Pepper seedlings are not as sensitive as tomato and eggplant seedlings, so they can be planted without soil. Seedlings should be planted in the soil up to the root zone level.

Deep planting causes many diseases to damage plants in the first planting.

Care is taken to remove the roots of the seedlings without damage. Seedlings should be watered before dismantling because it provides easy dismantling.

For those who have single seed in viols, seedlings are removed from the viola with soil and planted.

This planting system is not recommended in places where the disease exists, especially in places where root sore blight is seen in pepper. Furrow breeding should be done instead.

The most suitable irrigation in areas with soil disease is drip irrigation.

Pepper cultivation in the field should be brought to the same place every 3-4 years and in the greenhouse every 2-3 years.

However, pepper can be grown in the same place in a row. Before the pepper legumes, cabbage, an umbrella family is not a problem to come from a plant.

These plants leave a good soil in the pepper.

Pepper enjoys organic matter in the soil. It is useful to mix 3-5 tonnes of burnt barn fertilizer to the soil during field preparation.

In addition, 25-30 kg nitrogen, 8-15 kg phosphorus, 25-30 kg potassium and 10-12 kg calcium fertilizer should be given per decare.

50% of nitrogen in soil before planting, 25% in intermediate diameter, the remaining 25% before flowering, all the phosphorus before planting, 60-65% of potassium before planting, the remaining 35% -40 should be given to the soil before flowering.

Calcium should be given in nitrogen fertilizer form. Depending on the soil structure, the need for pepper varies.

The most accurate fertilization; soil analysis is made after the fertilization program prepared.

MAINTENANCE WORKS TO BE USED IN PLANTED LAND

As soon as the seedlings begin to develop in their exposed areas, maintenance works begin.

Approximately 20 days after planting the first, 3-4 weeks after the second, 3 weeks after the third hoe is made.

IRRIGATION IN PEPPER GROWING

Irrigation should be applied very carefully. The purpose of irrigation is to maintain a regular humidity.

The lack of water in the pepper causes the loss of flowers and small fruits, and the excess water causes the loss of leaves. Therefore, watering should be avoided until the first fruits are seen.

The water required for the plant is kept in the soil by hoeing at regular intervals.

In pepper cultivation, sandy soils require watering every 2-3 days in hot weather. In heavy soils, irrigation can be every 3-7 days, depending on the climatic conditions of the region.

When plants hold a few fruits, peppers need a small amount of fertilizer. 2.5-4 cm of water is needed during the growing season.

PEPPER PACKAGING CONTAINERS

Packaging containers, pepper during the transportation and sale of the product should be good quality.

Cardboard boxes and wooden boxes are used in packaging. Cans take 3-5 kg ​​of pepper. In addition, in our country, 10-20 kg of pepper crates, kiosks or plastic bags are used.

In recent years, it is even possible to see that the peppers are packaged in bulk, in 20-30 kg plastic bags. There must be no foreign substances in the packaging. First class peppers should be arranged in a row.

In the 2nd grade, masonry can be done.