Expert organization in plant nutrition
Expert organization in plant nutrition
Aquaculture Deficiencies Products Pests Diseases Subject

MULBERRY CULTIVATION

Since mulberry is not very selective in terms of climate and soil conditions, it can be grown easily in almost every province of our country.

Climate request:

Mulberry is mostly a plant of warm temperate and abundant sunny regions.

Turkey's grown fruit tree can be easily grown in many parts of the mulberry tree.

Soil request:

Mulberry tree grows best on loam, sandy loam or clay loam soils.

The pH of the soil should be 6.5-7.

Especially where the mulberry tree is planted, the ground water should not be close to the soil surface.

SOIL PROCESSING:

Depending on the climate characteristics of the region, open or covered soil tillage systems can be used.

It is recommended to use covered or semi-covered systems if water supplies are sufficient.

In overgrowth, only over-sized herbs are harvested or a regular fight is made with weed medicines, especially under trees.

In autumn and winter, soil tillage is done once or not at all.

Care should be taken when using weed medicine, especially in young gardens.

IRRIGATION:

Mulberry trees grow well as long as the soil is moist and yield increases.

During the summer season, the trees need to be watered in order to maintain the soil moisture that is good for the tree during hot and dry periods.

In this way, the yield of mulberry trees can be increased by up to 50%.

However, the quality of the water to be given to the trees should be good and should not be overloaded.

FERTILIZATION:

Nitrogen, phosphate and potash chemical fertilizers should be given for mulberry trees to develop well and increase yield.

Fertilizer values ​​to be given according to the leaves and soil analyzes to be made in our garden for fertilization are determined.

It should be noted that fertilizers can be given three times in spring, summer and autumn.

In the gardens where irrigation is not possible; phosphate and potash fertilizers are given in autumn and nitrogenous fertilizers are given in spring.

PRUNING:

Mulberry saplings planted in our garden begin to develop shape pruning, crop pruning begins to give product.

Since pruning is of great importance for the development and yield of trees, it is appropriate that the application is performed by people who are familiar with mulberry trees.

Especially white and red mulberry varieties give longer shoots and grow faster, black mulberry types by giving shorter shoots, slow, healthy and large trees should be thought to give the appropriate shapes.

Mulberry trees of yield age should not be allowed to grow voracious shoots by making extremely hard cuts.

Pruning and breeding should be done by taking into account the specific growth patterns of the species.

HARVEST:

Mulberry trees are harvested by spreading a clean cover when the fruits ripen and by shaking the tree branches and dropping the fruits.

Mulberry trees should not be hit with sticks and their branches should not be damaged during harvest application.

In addition, black mulberry types do not break easily from the branch is required to be harvested by hand.

Some dried mulberry types are harvested after drying on the tree (Oltu-Erzurum).

COMBATING DISEASES AND PESTS:

Trees of this species do not have much disease, especially in heavy and wet soils should be careful against root and stem-throat diseases.

In mulberry trees, crusty and floury lice do more damage.

When the intensity of this type of pests increases, it must be done after harvest or winter struggle.

In some years, the damage of network worms and so on. pesticides may be needed to combat pests as specified in the technical instructions.