Expert organization in plant nutrition
Expert organization in plant nutrition
Aquaculture Deficiencies Products Pests Diseases Subject

PUMPKIN GROWING Care Disease Pests Nutritional Deficiency and Plant Nutrition

It can be cultivated in all soils except very heavy and sandy soils.

Deep, permeable, very good water retention capability, organic and mineral materials rich in loam soils are the best product.

In sandy soils, farm manure and commercial fertilizer are used.

Earliness is provided in these soils.

Soil pH should be around 6-7.

SOIL PREPARATION, Sowing-Planting:

Before sowing and planting, the soil is processed once or twice and the field is leveled by harrowing.

Sowing and planting is done when the soil temperature reaches 10-12 ° C.

One seed is planted in the growing containers.

One day before planting, the seedlings should be watered in order to be able to plant them in a grounded manner.

4-5 leaves when they are mainly planted in place.

 Pumpkin seedlings that do not throw arms and grow in bulk, are planted with a spacing of 60-80 cm between rows and 50-60 cm between rows.

Winter honey and chestnut pumpkins are very branching, throwing more height varieties between 240-300 cm, the row should be planted as 60-140 cm.

Pumpkin is a plant that enjoys light. Pumpkin cultivation is not done under shady trees.

In shady places, the plant gains both a delicate structure and the female flower formation and fruit binding rate decreases and the yield decreases.

The duration of vegatation in pumpkins is approximately 100 in summer varieties and 180-200 days in winter varieties.

Seed germination occurs 4-8 days after sowing.

When the plants start to grow, branching is encouraged by cutting the tip of the shoot in the period when the first shoot has 5-6 leaves, especially in branching winter varieties.

FERTILIZATION:

Pumpkins like to have more organic nutrients in the soil.

Thoroughly burned farm manure between 3-4 tons per decare should be given to the soil in autumn or a month before planting and planting.

As commercial fertilizer 25-30 kg / ha 33% A.Nitrate, 20-25 kg / ha TSP or DAP, 20 kg potassium sulfate and CAN fertilizer if necessary (when flower nasal rot).

Struggle; Weed control is the most important issue. With hoeing, weed cleaning and soil aeration and filling of the throat of plants are done.

Prolonged drought and excessive moisture cause the spread of fungal diseases.

The most important diseases seen in pumpkin powdery mildew, mildew, squash mosaic virus, fusarium.

MAINTENANCE WORKS:

The first anchor is made according to the weed condition. Repeat from 3-4 anchors with 2-3 weeks intervals from the first anchor.

Hoeing is carried out with the aim of both weed cleaning and ventilation of the soil and filling the throat of the plants.

Irrigation is avoided until the first fertilization is seen. If this period is dry, water can be given not to overdo it. Watering is of great importance after the first fruits are seen.

Since pumpkin fruits grow very fast, it is very useful to make irrigation with frequent intervals and if possible with 3-4 days intervals in terms of plant development and yield.

The thirst in the pumpkin is easily understood by abnormally peeling and drooping down the leaves in the morning and evening.

Timely watering should be done in plants without these symptoms.

HARVEST:

Harvest size of summer pumpkins is 15-20 cm long. Harvest should be done daily. Care should be taken in the morning or evening.

If we want to extend the harvest period, the old leaves should be removed and normal maintenance procedures should be continued. 2-4 kg per plant, 5-8 tons of products can be taken per decare.

Harvested winter honey and chestnut pumpkins are left on the plant until the leaves dry and turn yellow.

It is harvested at the end of the season before the first frosts of autumn and without falling frost on the fruit.

Yield is higher than summer pumpkins.

Harvest of pumpkin products varying between 6-10 tons per decare.