Expert organization in plant nutrition
Expert organization in plant nutrition
Aquaculture Deficiencies Products Pests Diseases Subject

CAULIFLOWERS CULTIVATION Care Disease Pests Nutritional Deficiency and Plant Nutrition

belong to the group of winter vegetables.

Temperature is very important in cauliflower cultivation. Light and moisture are of secondary importance.

To form a crown in cauliflowers, low temperatures are needed in a certain period of development.

Cauliflower seedlings can withstand temperatures of -10 ° C in a short time. However, the cauliflower heads in the harvesting cycle do not like temperatures below 0 ° C.

The best temperatures during crown formation are 15 ° C-20 ° C. It is not desirable for the crowns to fall below 0 ° C during the ripening period.

As the temperature decreases, the crown surface gains a pile structure and the market value decreases.

SOIL REQUEST

Cauliflower can be grown in any kind of soil.

In heavy soils and abundant rainfall, drainage is essential.

Cauliflowers like organic matter-rich soils and are susceptible to high soil acidity.

In cauliflower cultivation soil should be prepared well before planting date.

In autumn, the soil should be plowed deep and in spring, normal version should be done. After the release, disc harrows and harrows should be prepared and the soil should be prepared for planting.

FERTILIZATION

The most appropriate fertilization in aquaculture is fertilization according to soil analysis.

Firstly, the soil analysis of the field to be grown cauliflower should be done and the type and amount of fertilizer to be disposed of should be determined accordingly.

Fertilizers vary according to their varieties during the period of application to the plant.

Farm manure, all of phosphorus fertilizer, half of potash and nitrogen fertilizer are given in final soil preparation.

The second half of the potash fertilizer is given before the formation of the crowns.

The second half of nitrogenous fertilizer should be given in two batches, 20-25 days after planting and before crown formation.

SEEDLING BREEDING

Cauliflowers are grown in two stages: growing seedlings and planting them in their original locations.

Seeds are sown on warm and cold pillows.

Sowing time varies depending on the regions, varieties and harvest time.

In general, seed sowing is done in April - May - June - July as rows or sprinkling.

The appropriate planting time for our city is May and seedling is the last week of June.

The most suitable planting system is 10 cm row spacing.

Seeds germinate within 8-15 days depending on the conditions in the pillows.

After germination, the plants on the row are diluted with 3-5 cm intervals.

One of the most important factors affecting quality crop in cauliflower is well-grown seedlings.

Excessive increase or decrease in temperature in seedling growing cycle causes the crowns to be of poor quality.

PLANTING

In general, 7-8 leaves should be used in planting.

The crowns of plants grown from undersized, undersized, yellow-leaved seedlings are small and loose.

Seedlings usually become suitable for planting 5-7 weeks after sowing.

The most suitable cultivation in cauliflower is the form of cultivation on bobbins.

The bobbin width is adjusted according to the varieties, single and double row sewing.

In planting, spacing between rows and over rows is made as 50x50cm.

Seedlings should be carefully disassembled and planted without waiting.

Seedlings should be planted with plantuar or trash. It is more suitable for planting with root as grounded.

When planting water can be given and a few days after the release of irrigation should be done.

Because cauliflower is a hoe and water-loving vegetable, care should be taken to irrigate and watering should be done at regular intervals according to rainfall.

The first anchor should be made 1-3 weeks after sowing, the second anchor 1 month later, and the third anchor if necessary.

To prevent yellowing of cauliflower crowns due to sunlight, the inner leaves should be broken and covered on the crown and varieties covered with crown should be produced.

HARVEST

Cauliflower should be harvested before the crowns take their normal size and gain a loose structure.

Harvest time is 1-4 weeks depending on climate and varieties.

Harvesting is done by cutting with the knife from the place where the crown meets the body.

During harvesting, 4-5 leaves are left to protect the crown.

The crowns of cauliflowers are damaged and darkened very quickly.

For this reason, cauliflower crowns should be placed in a single row in crates.