Expert organization in plant nutrition
Expert organization in plant nutrition
Aquaculture Pests Diseases Flowers Products Deficiencies Subject

MELON GROWING Care Disease Pests Nutritional Deficiency and Plant Nutrition

Melon is a one-year plant.

The body is pubescent, arms are wrapper and leaves are 5 lobed.

Melon plant has two types of flowers.

These are male and female flowers or erselik flowers.

Male flowers are located on the main arms and female or erselik flowers are located on the side arms.

Honey bees play an important role in the transport of pollen in melons

Melon is a one-year plant. It is a species that crawls on the ground.

It can also grow by climbing under cover cultivation.

Seeds at temperatures above 15 C

germinate on average 8-10 days and develops after that, at first forms the plant pile root.

After the first germination event, the plant develops vertically until 3-4 leaves are formed, then it continues to develop by crawling.

The first female flower 35 days after sowing, 35 days after the first harvest, 30 days after the end of the harvest.

The average growing time is 100 days, in winter melons it can be up to 150 days.


Melon is a warm and warm climate plant.

It requires sufficient soil moisture with a sunny, warm and dry air during its long growing period.

Fungal diseases are likely to occur in damp areas.

Seeds should be planted when the danger of cold is completely eliminated in the spring and the soil temperature rises above 15 ° C.

For melon cultivation, sandy loam or loamy sandy soils with a pH of 6-7, rich in permeable, humus and nutrients should be preferred.

 In autumn, the soil should be applied deeply.

With this version, 3-4 tons of manure should be given per decare.

In order to minimize the negative effects of germination, the field is sown again in spring, after the discotheque is taken, the bolt is passed and the seed is planted.


In case of deficiency, please use one of our products or search for the following.

To avoid deficiencies, use regularly as the first leaves are up to the sparrow beak.

Potassium deficiency in melon production

The leaves are bluish green in the vicinity of the veins, and the edges of the leaves are shifted to bronze.

  Young leaves become wavy.

The necrosis leaves turn yellowish brown and brown and dry from the edges.

The fruit is soft and the body side becomes thin.

Nitrogen deficiency in melon production,

body becomes thin, hard and fibrous.

The leaves are usually light green in color, especially the old leaves are yellowish.

Fruits are short, light green in color and the flower is shrunken.

Iron deficiency in melon cultivation

characteristic symptoms are caused by the deterioration of metabolic reactions affected by iron, and the restriction of energy transfer required for growth and chlorophyll synthesis.

Iron deficiency symptoms are very typical and similar in all plants, making it easy to recognize.

In many cases, however, iron deficiency as well as deficiency of some other micronutrients (particularly zinc) may also be present, making recognition difficult.

Leaf analysis provides important clues, but it is difficult to consider as a definitive criterion in the diagnosis of iron deficiency.

In boron deficiency in melon cultivation

The growth points in the plant die.

The young leaves are grayish brown inward curved and die quickly.

Old leaves are chlorous.

Plant length becomes shorter than normal as the nodes are shortened.

Magnesium deficiency in melon cultivation,

on old leaves, veins and leaf edges, a thin band remains green, the other parts of the leaf yellow.

Brown spots may appear on the edges of the leaves.

In pruned plants, the main body cannot absorb enough magnesium to meet the requirements of new shoots, so there is a high probability of deficiency after pruning.

Phosphorus deficiency in watermelon

The leaves become dull dark green color and small.

Bronze colored spots are seen on the leaves from time to time.

They stop pale and drooping or die prematurely.

The body is short and thin.

Fruits are dull green color and bronze stained.

Brown leaf necrosis appears in the leaves of the old leaves, and the leaf stalks dry.

Manganese deficiency in melon cultivation

is very sensitive. Deficiency is seen as a greenish yellowish or completely yellow chlorosis in the leaves.

Initially, even the thinnest veins retain their green color.

Then the color of the main veins turns yellow and yellowish white.

Coffee composed of colorful stains.

End leaves are almost completely white.

Growth regresses and newly emerged leaves remain small.

 Important note:

Always use Wet spreader glue if your irrigation or spray water has a pH of 8 - 8.5 every time you spray your garden. (Soil and water pH in many regions of our country is up to 8- 8.5 or even up to 9.) All drugs produced are produced according to the pH range of 6-7.

Even the best quality medicines lose their effect by up to 30%, from 6 to 15 minutes. Buddha will reduce the effect of your medicine.

For this reason, our advice to your holder, tank or back pump,


1 PH DECREASING ADHESIVE  It reduces the pH of the spraying water and prevents the deterioration of the drug. Once the medicines are applied to the plant, it allows the drug to spread to the leaf and prevents it from flowing through the leaves.
2 PLANT FOOD Provides smooth and balanced nutrition of the plant. It makes the fruits attractive, bright, colorful, large, durable, hard, heavy, tasty and pleasantly fragrant.
3 INSECTICIDES Use a medicine against pests at the bottom of the page, according to the pest period. Pay attention to the duration of harvesting - use of medicines.
4 FUNGUSİT MUSHROOM (After mixing in a separate container) Use a medicine against pests at the bottom of the page, depending on the disease period. Pay attention to the duration of harvesting - use of medicines.
5 OTHER Other trace elements recommended by technical staff.  

Try to use all of them as much as possible, reducing costs.

LIME SOLVENT It should be used in calcareous soils at the beginning of the season. Lime wrapped around capillary roots destroys the creamy layer. Soil bound iron, phosphorus and phosphates are released in the soil, the plant uses them. you do not need to use iron and phosphorus fertilizers repeatedly. 1 Kg drip irrigation per hectare
PLANT FOOD First application before flowering,
second application in fruit attitude,
The third application is done 45 days before harvest
Two applications with 300 gr / 100 lt water in all periods required.
200-300 cc
ZINC Apply when eyes explode and flowering is over. The most important time to apply the fruit is collected (before the leaves fall yet) configure. It allows the accumulation of zinc in the eyes of next spring and healthy new shoots. 125-150 cc
DRIP IRRIGATION NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS, BALANCED, POTASSIUM It should be used regularly every semester. NPK of the plant must be met 2-3 kg
ORGANIC Organic based drip irrigation and release irrigation fertilizer. Fifteen days apart. One empty, one full watering or split quantities full watering Dönüme
5-7 kg

Foliar fertilizer should be used in every application. Leaf fertilizers prevent plants from getting stressed. It meets the micro element needs of plants. Improves fruit set and quality of fruits.

Alternaria cucumerina  Elliott
Coletotrichum lagenarium
Cucumber mosaic
Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus
yellow mosaic p.v
Erysiphe cichoracearum, Sphaerotheca
Pseudo- peronospora cubensis
dopalpa foveicollis
Myiopardalis pardalina
Spodoptera littoralis, S.
Frankliniella occidentalis



Does not like high humidity. Optimum to be 60-70%. In extreme moisture fungal and bacterial diseases start.

In addition, excessive moisture accelerates vegetative growth and more leaves are formed.

Low fungal diseases such as powdery mildew with tryps and red spiders.


Direct sowing in the field should be done in the second half of April in the Black Sea Region.

Sowing is done in two ways:

1- January Procedure October:

The quarries are determined to be between 1,5-2 m and 1-1,5 m above the row.

The width of the hearths should be 40-50cm in diameter and 15-20cm in depth. Farm manure mixed with 5-10cm soil is placed on the bottom of the hearths.

3-4 seeds are thrown into each hearth and the seeds are covered with fertilized soil in a depth of 3-4 cm.

Press lightly and pour water into the can with strainer. Under suitable conditions, it can be seen on the soil surface within 10-12 days at the latest.

When the soil surface is 2-3 leaves, dilution is made in the hearth. 1 or 2 plants are left on each stove.

2- Line Method October:

In this method, the cultivation and spreading force of the varieties are opened in the field prepared by 1.5-3m intervals according to the soil character. The depth of the lines should be 5-6cm. 2-4 seeds are left with 1m intervals.

Cover with a rake and lightly press the soil.


Other than direct seed sowing, it can be grown in nylon bags under a greenhouse or plastic cover.

When the danger of frost has passed, they are planted in the field.

The bags are filled with peat soil or seedling mortar. (1 part garden soil, 1 part well burned barn manure and 1 part sand are mixed thoroughly to make mortar).

Leave 1-2 seeds in each bag. These bags are placed in greenhouses or high tunnels and irrigated with filter buckets.

Seedlings grown in bags are taken from time to time and watering is done.

Sowing in nylon bags is done 3-4 weeks before planting date. When the plants have 3-4 leaves, they are transferred to the field.

When removing seedlings from plastic bags, care should be taken not to disintegrate the seedling soil.

After planting water must be given to life.


It depends on the growth and development of the plant.

Furrows can be opened next to the rows for irrigation and furrows can be given water.

The stoves can be irrigated individually.

Irrigation time and number depends on soil type, water holding capacity and growth period of plants.

Irrigations should be increased after fruit formation period. Irrigation should be done at 12-15 from this period.

In irrigation, soil depth of 0 - 90 cm should be brought to field capacity. During the ripening period, attention should be paid to irrigation.

Plants and fruits should not be exposed to irrigation water as much as possible.

Furrow and drip irrigation methods can be used in irrigation.

Regular and irrigated places where larger and plentiful crops are taken, but the melons grown in dry conditions are sweeter.

After planting water can be given. Melons require much water from planting to the first flowering and fruit growing.

It gradually decreases from this stage to maturity. Drip irrigation must be done under cover.


The first hoe is made when the plants have 4-5 leaves. Anchoring is continued with 2-3 weeks intervals. On each stem, 2-4 fruits are left closest to the root and the others are cut and diluted.

When the plants develop and start to arm around, each branch can be picked up from 4-5 leaves.

Thus, nutrients will be used in the growth of the fruits existing on the plant where it will help the plant to grow continuously.

Weed control should continue until the arms do not allow the field to wrap and hoe.

Pruning in melon growing:

Mostly in greenhouse or tunnel cultivation.

Outdoor pruning is almost never done.

In seedlings, pruning is done over the second or third eye.

When no peaking is performed, 7-8. female flower formation starts after the knuckle, but when the second or third eye is taken over the top of the female flowers are immediately emerged on two leaves.

Peaking is done on 2 leaves, the good and strong of the shoots from these two leaf seats are left and the other is broken.

The dropped seat is raised in the form of the main body.

The second form of pruning is the tip. After the fruit set, two leaves are left after the fruit and the tip is taken.

The aim is to prevent the loss of energy and nutrients after the fruit grows in vain. The third form of pruning is leaf pruning.

It is both picking up (to take off and adjust moisture) and removing old leaves near the soil at the bottom.

Pruning is helpful in low tunnels. This pruning has a significant effect on yield and quality.

Topping pruning over 3-4 leaves and developing other branches develop, each fruit is left in each seat, and two leaves are taken over the tip.


Early morning hours (07: 00-10: 00) with bees.

Since both the male and female nectar pouches in the flowers are large, pollination with insects (bee, etc.) is shorter.


Especially greenhouse cultivation must be done. Transparent polyethylene plastics with a thickness of 0.05 mm are used as mulch in spring crop cultivation.

Mulch is not left during the season; When melons reach a certain size, the light does not reach the soil, as it will shade the underside.

At this stage the mulch is removed. It can promote the emergence of weeds as it will retain moisture and temperature. For this reason, mulch is removed in the spring.


80-120 days pass from seed sowing to harvest of melons. Fruits that come to full maturity are cut in the morning by hand or with a knife. The sought-after characteristics of the harvested melon are as follows:

Ripe melons, heavier than watermelons.

Two small flaps on the bottom of the fruit stalks dry.

A slight softening and odor starts from the bottom.

The color of the shell becomes brighter.

STORAGE IN R melon growing

Melons are stored at 4-6 C at 85-90% relative humidity for 10-15 days. As there is no study on preservation in winter melons, there is no definite information about its preservation.


Individual cardboard or wooden boxes (standard 40 x 60 cm) are used. According to the size of 7-15 melons are arranged.

In order to prevent the fruits from touching and heating up, the cardboard or paper is broken and put between them. It can also be placed on individual nets.

Healthy seeds and seedlings should be used as a precaution.

Cultivation should be done with resistant varieties.

Diseased plants should be dismantled and destroyed.

Alternation must be done. Weed control should be made during the growing period and excessive nitrogen fertilization should be avoided.

Plant residues after harvesting should not be left in the field. According to the technical instructions in agricultural organizations, chemical struggle is done.