Expert organization in plant nutrition
Expert organization in plant nutrition
Aquaculture Deficiencies Products Pests Diseases Subject

APRICOT FARMING Care Disease Pests Nutritional Deficiency and Plant Nutrition

Apricot fruits grown in climates which are relatively cold in winters and hot in summers should have a dry atmosphere in summer for high quality ripening.

It is affected by freckle disease (Sclerotinia) in places where the air is humid and foggy in spring and fruit quality decreases.

Therefore, the gardens need to be established in a way that is well ventilated.

Like this, late spring frosts limit the cultivation of this type of fruit that blooms after almonds.

Climatic factors that adversely affect apricot production; extreme winter cold, late spring frosts, cool and rainy summer.

In this respect, the GAP region has very favorable climatic conditions.

Apricot is resistant to drought as much as almond, and in some cases even more drought than it.

SOIL REQUEST

Apricot deep, permeable, well-ventilated, hot and rich in nutrients, fine-textured, loamy or loamy soils grow best.

Apricots do not like heavy moist soils.

In such soils can only continue to grow if grafted on plum rootstock.

PLANT FOOD DEFICIENCIES, SYMPTOMS, REMOVAL AND FERTILIZATION IN APRICOT CULTURE

In case of deficiency, please use one of our products or search for the following.

To avoid deficiencies, use regularly as the first leaves are up to the sparrow beak.

Zinc deficiency in apricot cultivation

typical symptom is the formation of narrowed, shrunken leaves and rosettes.

The reason for this measurement is that the lengths of the nodes are considerably shortened.

Leaf edges sometimes become wavy.

Yellow leaf mosaic stains occur between the veins, with the vascular edges of the leaf surface remaining green.

Iif deficiency is not too severe only affects the leaves, shoot development continues normally.

However, if deficiency is severe, shoot development stops completely.

The number of fruit buds in shoots decreases or disappears completely.

Blackening is seen in the fruit meats of stone fruits.

Potassium deficiency in apricot cultivation

causes curling of leaves and symptoms that appear with reddish brown spots.

At the ends of the shoots die, weak flower measurement and fruits are smaller than normal.

Nitrogen deficiency in apricot cultivation

leaves are short and yellowish green color.

Branches thrive fine.

Usually the flowers are abundant, but the number of fruits is small and the fruits become small.

Apricot cultivation in boron deficiency

coffee-colored spots or corky texture occurs in the fruit.

In some cases, fruit may crack and shrink.

Ripening is irregular.

Foliar fertilizer should be used in every application.

Leaf fertilizers prevent plants from getting stressed.

It meets the micro element needs of plants. Improves fruit set and quality of fruits.

BREEDING TECHNIQUES

Reproduction and Rootstocks Used

 Apricot varieties are propagated by vaccination.

The most appropriate vaccine used in the reproduction of Kays, stagnant eye vaccine.

Although the vaccine is normally made at a height of 10-15 cm from the soil surface, it is safer to vaccinate from a height in cold winters and to form the new body from zerdal.

The seeds are planted from the seed pans to the confection parcels or the seeds are planted on the rows as in the case of peaches and inoculated.

With the second application, one year is gained.

As apricot rootstock, turmeric, mirobolan plum, almond and peach are used.

However, soil conditions, pests in the soil, the size of the tree expected to take in the future and the usage and quality of the fruit play a major role in the rootstock selection.

It is the best rootstock for apricot in terms of its compatibility with the cultivars, the development of the pen on it and even the dry conditions.

This rootstock is resistant to nemotoda as well as deep and permeable soil is preferred.

Grows in chalky and even partially saline soils.

Almond apricots are used as rootstocks in calcareous and stony soils, but it should be noted that almonds and apricots do not always agree.

Although apricot is used as rootstock for apricot, especially in alluvial soils, it is often not well matched with apricot.

Iin moist and heavy soils, it is necessary to use plum as rootstock for apricot.

Important note:

Always use Wet spreader glue if your irrigation or spray water has a pH of 8 - 8.5 every time you spray your garden. (Soil and water pH in many regions of our country is up to 8- 8.5 or even up to 9.) All drugs produced are produced according to the pH range of 6-7. Even the best quality medicines lose their effect by up to 30%, from 6 to 15 minutes. Buddha will reduce the effect of your medicine.

For this reason, our advice to your holder, tank or back pump,

TANK RANKING (DO NOT BREAK THE RANKING)

1 PH DECREASING ADHESIVE  It reduces the pH of the spraying water and prevents the deterioration of the drug. Once the medicines are applied to the plant, it allows the drug to spread to the leaf and prevents it from flowing through the leaves.
2 PLANT FOOD Provides smooth and balanced nutrition of the plant. It makes the fruits attractive, bright, colorful, large, durable, hard, heavy, tasty and pleasantly fragrant.
3 INSECTICIDES Use a medicine against pests at the bottom of the page, according to the pest period. Pay attention to the duration of harvesting - use of medicines.
4 FUNGUSİT MUSHROOM (After mixing in a separate container) Use a medicine against pests at the bottom of the page, depending on the disease period. Pay attention to the duration of harvesting - use of medicines.
5 OTHER Other trace elements recommended by technical staff.  

Try to use all of them as much as possible, reducing costs.

LIME SOLVENT It should be used in calcareous soils at the beginning of the season. Lime wrapped around capillary roots destroys the creamy layer. Soil bound iron, phosphorus and phosphates are released in the soil, the plant uses them. you do not need to use iron and phosphorus fertilizers repeatedly. 1 Kg drip irrigation per hectare
PLANT FOOD First application before flowering,
second application in fruit attitude,
The third application is done 45 days before harvest
Two applications with 300 gr / 100 lt water in all periods required.
200-300 cc
ZINC Apply when eyes explode and flowering is over. The most important time to apply the fruit is collected (before the leaves fall yet) configure. It allows the accumulation of zinc in the eyes of next spring and healthy new shoots. 125-150 cc
DRIP IRRIGATION NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS, BALANCED, POTASSIUM It should be used regularly every semester. NPK of the plant must be met 2-3 kg
ORGANIC Organic based drip irrigation and release irrigation fertilizer. Fifteen days apart. One empty, one full watering or split quantities full watering Dönüme
5-7 kg

Foliar fertilizer should be used in every application. Leaf fertilizers prevent plants from getting stressed. It meets the micro element needs of plants. Improves fruit set and quality of fruits.

APRICOT DISEASES AND PESTS

Armillaria mellea
.
Pseudo- monas amygdali
Pseudo-monas syringae pv
Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae
Monilia
Laxa
.
Rosellinia necatrix
.
Cytospora spp
.
Plum
pox
potyvirus
taphrina deformans
.
Cladosporium carpophilum Thuem
Coryneum beijerinckii
.
Eurytoma amygdali
.
Epicometis (=Tropinota) hirta
Cydia molesta
.
Pseudau- lacaspis pentagona
Cydia funebrana
.
Sphaerole- canium prunastri
Partheno- lecanium corni
Tetranychus urticae
.
Capnodis spp.
.
Anthonomus pomorum
.
Anarsia lineatella
.
Spilonota ocellana
.
Lepido- saphes
ulmi
Scolytus rugulosus
.

GARDEN FACILITY

During the plant 10 x 10 should be left between the trees on the turmeric rootstock, this can be 8 X 8 on the plum rootstock.

In non-irrigated areas, these distances and intervals are increased to 1.5 or 2 times

Seedlings are planted in the garden in the autumn, where the winter is warm, from leaf dump to spring until the eyes persist.

However, under these conditions, it is best to plant at the beginning of winter, ie when the seedlings enter the winter rest.

SOIL PROCESSING

In the first few years after planting in apricot orchards open soil tillage is performed.

After that, it is useful to plant a temporary cover plant in the gardens.

In the gardens dAimi meadow can be planted in places with plenty of water in the soil.

It was found that mulching made with various materials in barren areas had positive effect on both fruit quantity and fruit size.

After the fall in the fall, the garden is applied superficially with a cultivator or a small garden plow.

In the spring when the waterfall reaches the size of hazelnuts and the majority of weeds, rainfall is abundant, the time between the rows are driven in the same way.

Tree bottoms are processed with belle.

IRRIGATION

The fruits need to be watered during the summer period when they become larger and mature.

Irrigation intervals should be determined by taking into account soil permeability, temperature and evaporation intensity where irrigation facilities are available.

During irrigation, the water is 1.50-1,80 m. in other words, it is requested that the roots reach the soil area where they are most commonly located.

Frequent irrigations do damage rather than benefit.

PRUNING

Apricot trees are crowned as sebest gobles, branched with different peaks and horizontal palmettes.

During pruning in the shape of crowns in the trees, growth is encouraged and a good garden is established by cutting the shoots which extend very close to each other in the same direction as the glutton branches lying on the main and side branches.

Efficient pruning of the crops should be taken into consideration that the main product occurs on two and older branches. Therefore, no dilution should be made in apricots.

However, with the pruning, the inner part of the crown is seen to be in good light and these branches are helped not to dry.

As the trees age, the lengths of the new shoots begin to decrease. If the shoots, which should show a development of 40-75 cm, no longer grow so much, pruning should be made more severe.

Pruning wounds in apricot must be covered with putty.

DILUTION

Dilution in apricot is mostly made in table. Not for dryers

Dilution increases fruit size, ensures good distribution of fruits on branches and trees and improves fruit quality.

The best dilution time for apricots is when the seeds begin to harden.

During the dilution, small fruits should be picked, large ones should be left and diluted with a distance of 4-8 cm.

HEREKL Game

As the trees grow and grow older, the branches hang down with the weight of the leaves and fruits.

The risk of breakage of the branches increases especially when the product is more mature.

HARVEST

Apricot trees begin to bear fruit at the age of 3-5 according to ecological conditions and rootstock used.

Usually full product is taken from the tenth year.

After fifty years, fruit yield starts to decrease.

Yield per tree varies according to maintenance conditions and ecological conditions. 74.86 kg yield per tree was obtained from Canino variety.

The apricots to be transported to table and long distances are collected when they are still hard and the ground color is partially yellow.

In canned apricots, fruits are left until softening and ripening color is obtained.

In dried apricots, fruits are left on the tree until fully ripened.

Harvesting from a tree is normally done 3 times. More can be repeated.

Selected lengths (extra, 1st class, II class) separated aprons are put in one-pound baskets or 4-6-pound trays.

Extra fruits are stacked straight or diagonally in a single row. 30 x 40 x and 30 x 50 cm long trays are also suitable in Kaysi packaging.

Apricots do not come to store for a long period of time, it is possible to prevent the stockpile in the market and store the collected aprons at long distances for 7-10 days at the maturity.