Expert organization in plant nutrition
Expert organization in plant nutrition
Aquaculture Deficiencies Products Pests Diseases Subject

CELERY CULTURE Care Disease Pests Nutritional Deficiency and Plant Nutrition

Celery root and leaf stalks are considered as vegetables, seed is produced for 2 years, when produced as a vegetable is a one-year plant.

Sowing area and production amount of celery varies from year to year.

Celery, which is among the winter vegetables, is consumed only in winter and its production and consumption amount is lower than other vegetables.

CLIMATE REQUIREMENT IN CELERY CULTURE

Celery is very good in winters, winters are hot and dry in summer.

Optimum temperature demand during the growing period is 15-20 ° C. Does not like low and high temperatures. 30 ° C

at temperatures above the adversely affected.

In order for the seeds to germinate in the soil, the minimum temperature should be 4 ° C.

The plant can withstand low temperatures up to 1 ° C.

It is adversely affected by late frosts in spring.

At temperatures of 2 ° C, the tubers of the root celery are damaged.

Plants undergo vernalization at low temperatures below 10 ° C and early flowering occurs.

In the case of vernalization, the older the plants, the higher the percentage of flowering.

The most important factor in the transition from celery to generative circuit vegetative low temperatures.

Celery does not react much to the amount and intensity of light. But they don't like light much.

They develop better in shadow places.

Celery doesn't like too much wind. But they like airy places.

In nooks and stuffy areas, the development slows down and they develop various fungal diseases.

SOIL REQUEST IN CELERY CULTURE

Although celery is not a selective plant in terms of soil requirements, it loves deeply loamy sandy and turberian soils and develops well here.

Regular fertilization and feeding of the plant is provided in the productions to be made in light soils.

In clay soils the tubers remain small. Soil pH should be around 7.0.

As the amount of humus in the soil increases, the size and quality of the tuber increases.

SOIL PREPARATION, PLANTING AND PLANTING IN CROWN GROWING

The soil used for the production of celery should be very well prepared before planting or planting. For this reason, the thorax must be plowed deeply and machined several times. Before sowing and planting, the soil should be plowed deep again and nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer should be given in 4: 4: 8 ratio per decare (N, P, K).

Celery can be grown directly by planting seeds instead.

However, as in our country, celery is grown with seedlings in many countries.

Vegetation period is long and autumn warm places with direct seed sowing can be good results in aquaculture.

However, instead of direct seed sowing, seedling planting is more preferred.

Celery seedlings are either grown on warm pillows without being surprised, or they are planted in crates and then sprouted on warm soil after being sprinkled on germinated soil.

CELERY IN CELERY CULTIVATION

Irrigation and hoeing should be done regularly and carefully to prevent soil cracking after planting.

The first hoeing is done 2-3 weeks after planting, when the seedlings begin to extract new leaves.

The plants then hoe 2-3 times depending on the soil structure and grazing status.

Hoeing is important for weeding and softening the soil.

Even if weed control is done with herbicides, hoeing must be done for the ventilation and swelling of the soil.

IRRIGATION IN CELERY CULTURE

After planting, the water required by the plant should be given regularly without interruption.

Cutting the water or giving less water adversely affects the development of the plant and the quality of the parts considered as vegetables.

In summer plantings, the amount of water the plant needs from planting to November is quite high.

In addition, in case of excessive irrigation or rainy regions of celery grown rust disease is seen.

Rust disease not only reduces the market value of the product, but also adversely affects root growth.

Frequent planting in rainy areas should avoid irrigation in the form of sprinklers.

FERTILIZATION IN CELERY CULTURE

Celery needs more organic matter. Adequate amount of organic matter in the soil increases the quantity and quality of the product.

Organic fertilization gains importance if it is to be cultivated in light soils.

In order to get good crops in light soils, 3-4 tons of good-quality farm manure should be given per decare. Farm manure is not sufficient for the growth and development of the plant.

Celery is a plant hungry for nitrogen and potassium.

During the last tillage before planting, it should be applied in a ratio of 4: 4: 8 (12 kg H, 12 kg P, 24 kg K) per decare.

Then, depending on the development of plants 1-2 months after planting fertilizer is given by giving around 4 kg of pure nitrogen per hectare.