Expert organization in plant nutrition
Expert organization in plant nutrition
Aquaculture Deficiencies Products Pests Diseases Subject

CABBAGE GROWING Care Disease Pests Nutritional Deficiency and Plant Nutrition

Cabbage, which is a cool climate vegetable, is consumed as a winter vegetable between autumn and spring in our country.

Harvest is usually done before the beginning of early frosts in autumn. The best temperature for cabbage cultivation is between 15-21 ° C.

Growth below 15 ° C and above 21 ° C slows down considerably. Seedlings are damaged at temperatures of –2, -3 ° C and below.

They are resistant to low temperatures in the head clamping circuit.

Seed germination temperature is 8-11 ° C.

SOIL REQUIREMENTS IN Cabbage Growing

Cabbage; It is rich in organic matter and gives abundant products in clayey loam and national soils.

To get early crops, sandy, sandy-loam soils are recommended.

GROWING OF SEEDS

For this purpose, prepared in cold pillow cabbage seeds 5 grams per square meter. account in February-March as a spreader or spreaded in order. 8-10 grams per 1000 plants, 20-50 grams per 1 decare. need seeds.

For this purpose, a pillow of 20-30 m2 is sufficient.

Put 1-2 cm thick mortar on the seed, lightly pressed and watered.

When growing seedlings, the temperature should not fall below 12 ° C.

Frequent planting should not be done on the pillow.

Germination occurs in 15 days at 10 ° C and in 1 week at temperatures above 20 ° C.

Seedling production time is up to 35-60 days.

Weed cleaning, watering, disease and pest control should be done until the time of planting.

PLANTING AND DEVELOPMENT OF SEEDLINGS

a) Field Preparation:

In autumn, 3-4 tons of barn fertilizer per hectare is applied to the soil at a depth of 25-30 cm.

In spring, it is processed at a depth of 5-10cm and leveled with rake and disc harrow.

Furrow planted seedlings; bobbin width should be 25-30 cm in single row aquaculture and 60-100 cm in double row aquaculture.

The top of the row is 40-50 cm. width.

As the distance between rows decreases, more small headed cabbages occur.

But more products are bought

b) Seedling Planting:

Seedlings are ready to be planted with 5-10 leaves 5-7 weeks after sowing.

The following points should be observed when planting seedlings.

Pillows for seedling removal should be watered the day before.

The roots and leaves of the seedlings should be diluted.

Seedling; 1-2 cm of the bottom leaf. under the ground should be planted.

MAINTENANCE WORKS:

Main maintenance works to be done in the development stages of cabbage until harvest; hoe, irrigation, fertilization, uptake of degraded leaves and disease and pest control consists.

IRRIGATION:

Seedling after planting in dry conditions at the latest two days apart 2-3 times consecutively to give water provides good development.

Plant; after entering the development period according to soil and climatic conditions, irrigation should be done normally one week apart

Hoeing:

The first anchor; should be carried out 1-3 weeks after seedlings begin to develop or planting. Second anchor; 3-4 weeks after the first hoeing.

Degraded, dried bottom leaves should be taken in this order. After the second hoe, 1/3 of nitrogenous fertilizers (Ammonium sulfate) is 15 kg. sherbet.

Third anchor; Approximately 1 month after the second anchor 3. Anchor should be made.

15 kg of ammonium sulphate should be given as sherbet after this anchor.

FERTILIZATION:

In autumn, 3-5 tons of stall manure should be given to the soil in cabbage.

In the spring, if necessary, 1-3 tons of barn fertilizer per hectare is given to the soil 10-15 cm. stirring in depth.

If the stall manure is fresh, the cabbage fly and the cabbage butterfly do harm.

On average, nitrogen fertilizers (ammonium sulfate) per decare 40-50 kg. , 40-50 kg per hectare of phosphorus fertilizers (super phosphate), 20-30kg per hectare of potassium fertilizers (potassium sulfate). account.

All phosphorus fertilizer, potash fertilizer and nitrogen fertilizer should be given with 15 kg of seedling planting.

15 kg of nitrogenous fertilizer can be given in the form of sherbet after the first hoe and 15 kg after the 2nd hoe.

Nitrogenous fertilizers should be given as sherbet depending on the development of the plant.

However, instead of giving sherbet prepared from stable manure, it gives good results.

Nitrogen deficiency; leaves become yellowing and flushing, starts to remain small.

Phosphorus deficiency leaves are dark green in color. At the bottom, the veins become purple. Leaves can fall.

In the absence of potassium, the curling begins between the veins, the leaf color opens, turns yellow, turns brown, and in time the leaf dries.

The most suitable fertilization is fertilization by soil analysis.

HARVEST:

Harvesting is done 3-5 months after planting. This period varies depending on cabbage varieties, climate and soil conditions.

Harvest time; According to the character of the head cabbage varieties should be made tight and bright.

Harvest; in cold areas should be done at a time.

Because if the harvest is delayed, cold cracks will occur and quality and yield will decrease.

Cabbage Diseases and Pests

Cabbage Black Vein Rot (Xanthomonas Campestris Pv. Campestris)

Cabbage Root-Ur Disease (Plasmodiophora Brassicae)

Alternaria Leaf Stain (Alternaria Brassicae, A. Brassicicola, A. Raphani)

Bacterial Leaf Stain (Pseudomonas Syringae Pv. Maculicola)

Cabbage Mildyrosis Disease (Prenospora Brassicae)

White rot in vegetables (Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum)

Cabbage Beetle (Ceutorrhynchus Pleurostigma)

Cabbage Gobworm (Hellula Undalis)

Cabbage Moth (Mamestra Brassicae L.)

Cabbage Butterflies [Pieris Brassicae, Artogeia (= Pieris) Rapae, Artogeia (= Pieris) Napi]

Cabbage Scented Beetle (Eurydema Ornatum)

Cabbage Fly (Delia Brassicae)

Cabbage Leaf moth (Plutella Xylostella (= P. Maculipennis)

Root Ur Nematodes (Meloidogyne Spp.)

Cotton Leafworm in Vegetables Spodoptera Littoralis, S. Exiqua (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Aphids in vegetables

Earth Fleas (Phyllotreta Spp.)