Bitki beslemede uzman kuruluş
Bitki beslemede uzman kuruluş
Yetiştiricilik Noksanlıklar Ürünler Zararlılar Hastalıklar Konular Havale bilgileri

CHICKPE CULTURE Care Disease Pests Nutritional Deficiency and Plant Nutrition

It is grown in arid regions due to rain. It is sensitive to sudden colds and can withstand up to -10 degrees.

However, it does not withstand harsh winters.

Therefore, it is planted in early spring in our country. Chickpea is a plant that does not like much moisture.

As the air and soil temperature gradually increases after sowing in spring, the chickpeas output and development accelerates.

Too much moisture and too hot will damage the grain.

It is undesirable as it precipitates anthracnose disease epidemic, as well as over-precipitation in the flowering and grain filling cycle, as well as its negative impact on flowering and pod binding.

In the vegetative period, light rainfall increases plant growth.

Strainy and not too heavy clay soils or land and red soils are suitable for chickpea cultivation.

It is grown very efficiently in poor soils with strong and deep roots.

It is known as salt-resistant.

However, the excess calcium intake has a negative effect on the cooking quality of the product.

SOIL PREPARATION IN CHICKPE GROWING

Chickpea is grown in all regions, after cereal harvest in the autumn field plow 15-20 cm. depth.

Thus, plant residues are buried and mixed.

The second tillage is carried out in spring by using crowbar - rake or disc harrow as soon as the field pan comes before planting.

FERTILIZATION IN CHICKPE CULTURE

The bacteria in the chickpea roots give nitrogen to the soil and increase the yield of the plants to be sown after itself.

Therefore, there is not much nitrogen requirement.

The most appropriate doses of fertilizer that the plant needs in the first development phase are pure substances; 2-2.5 kg. nitrogen and 5-6.5 kg. It is phosphorus.

These amounts are 12-14 kg per decare. It corresponds to DAP fertilizer. Chickpea needs phosphorus fertilizer.

If sowing is to be done with seeder, it is recommended to give fertilizer during sowing.

If sowing is not done with a drill, the manure is thrown into the field surface by hand before the second version and mixed with the crowbar or disc harrow.

Sowing in Chickpea Cultivation

Sowing time in our country varies between mid February and April according to the regions.

Chickpea cultivation is recommended to be done 7-10 days before the last spring frosts. It can be planted as a winter in the coastal areas where the winters are not harsh.

Because the local chickpea varieties in the hands of the farmer are susceptible to anthracnose disease, the farmer shifts the sowing time to a late period in the spring when heavy rainfall is reduced and the air temperature rises.

In late sowing, yield potential decreases.

Chickpea cultivation is usually done in our country as spreaders.

Excessive seeds are used in the spreading sowing method.

In early sowing and annealed soil sowing with seed drills is ideal.

12-14 kg per hectare with seeder. seeds are discarded.

Seed amount of coarse grain chickpeas developed in recent years is increased to 45 grains per square meter considering the weight of 100 grains.

In late sowing, the sowing depth should be increased slightly.

Pulling the roller after sowing will make the output faster and tidy.

Seed spacing with seeder should be 30-35 cm.

However, if it is aimed to control weeds with intermediate anchor, it is recommended to plant the chickpeas in 45 cm row spacing.

Sowing depth should be 4-6 cm.

Apply weed medication within 1-2 days after sowing, slows the development of weeds.

CARE OF CHICKPE CULTURE

Early cultivation increases yield when disease-resistant varieties are used, but in this case the weed problem is greater.

Weed control should be done in early planting.

If necessary, pesticides should be applied to combat pests and diseases.

If the weather is dry, irrigation is recommended to get high efficiency if there is a possibility of irrigation.

It has been determined that the irrigation to be done before flowering and grain filling period increases the yield.

HARVEST IN CHICKPE CULTURE

Since the chickpea does not have grain problems, the dried plants are harvested by mowing or sickling.

Harvested plants are kept in small batches until thoroughly dried.

Afterwards, threshing is done on threshing machines or other methods.

During the threshing, the grains are not broken and cracked.

It is possible to harvest tall varieties developed by research institutions with a combine harvester.

However, the surface of such fields should be smooth and stone-free.