Expert organization in plant nutrition
Expert organization in plant nutrition
Aquaculture Deficiencies Products Pests Diseases Subject

loquat breeding

The root system of the new world is outcrop and scattered fringe root structure. It grows strong enough to grow even among the rocks.

The most suitable climate for the loquat breeding is the warm temperate climate where the air temperature does not fall below the freezing point. At -3 ° C flowers and fruits begin to be damaged.

In April, May, when the fruit is ripening, early summer temperatures and air temperatures above 30 ° C cause sunburns on the fruits.

Strong wind, pollination and fertilization will have a negative impact on the efficiency.

SOIL REQUEST

Well-drained, deep, organic matter rich, clayey-sandy, loose, reaction-neutral soils should be preferred for loquat cultivation.

ROOT SYSTEM

Since the root system of the newborns is in the form of outcrops and scattered eaves; Soils with a ground water level of 1.5-2 m are suitable for cultivation.

Vaccination is the most common method of reproduction of newborns. Eye and pencil vaccines are mostly used.

To grow loquat, the seeds extracted from the ripe fruit should be washed directly and then planted directly in polyethylene bags or in light sand seed pans to be surprised.

If the seeds are not planted immediately, they can be washed and disinfected and stored in nylon bags for 9 months without losing their germination ability at refrigerator temperature.

Sown seeds begin to emerge after 1.5-2 months. These collapses are ready to be surprised in the following spring.

The flocks should be kept under semi-shades to protect them from the burning effects of the sun.

1.5-2 years after planting the seedlings become ready for vaccination when their diameter is 1-1.5 cm. Vaccines can be administered in spring and autumn.

The aş T ’vaccine, chip vaccine and patch vaccine are used as eye vaccines.

While establishing a loquat garden, windbreakers should be installed in order to protect against the damages of cold drying winds in winter and hot drying winds in summer.

Selection of suitable varieties for marketing purposes in the garden plant as well as the selection of pollinator varieties and placing them appropriately is an important issue. Long Çukurgöbek, Light Çukurgöbek, Akko XIII, Gold Nugget varieties can be used as pollinators.

If a suitable type is used as a pollinator, 2 rows of main types and 1 row of pollinators are sufficient.

Recommended planting ranges for loquat; for relatively small crowned and vertically growing Tanaka, Light Çukurgöbek, Gold Nugget 7x7 m, for Akko XIII, Sayda, Round Çukurgöbek, Long Çukurgöbek, 8x8 m.

However, since the cultivation of a single type of enclosed garden plant is not recommended in terms of product safety, the planting range of 8x8 m is suitable in mixed plant variety.

Before planting the seedlings are marked and trilogy is made after the 60 cm deep and 60 cm wide pits are opened.

During planting, about 10 Kg of burnt farm manure, depending on the volume of the pit, should be mixed into the pit soil. During planting the seedlings in the bag, the roots passing from the bag to the ground and excess roots should be cut with scissors.

Planting level;

the top soil level of the seedlings should be adjusted to be 5 cm above the land level.

After planting, water should be given immediately and seedlings trunks should be wrapped with rainproof paper.

Planting seedlings,

it should be done in autumn in places with mild winters and in spring in areas with relatively cool winters.

Pruning, shaping:

In order to give the seedlings a bowl shape, the main peak in the middle is cut off from the branch bottom 1 or 2 years after planting. The main peak is taken by taking the branch, 3 or 4-branched bowl shape of the seedlings, the tree is not over-sized, so it is convenient to provide ease of harvest.

Crown height should be 65-75 cm. 3 or 4 branches, which can make a good crown to the tree from the main branches of the main body and form approximately the same angle between them, are left out and the remaining side branches are cut off from the bottom.

After the branches grow for a while, they are cut to 35-40 cm in the same year.

In the following years, 2 or 3 of the shoots on the pruned branches are left in such a way that they do not compress the center of the tree and form a balanced crown. The remaining shoots and the shoots formed above the vaccination point are cleaned.

In subsequent years, the growth of the tree is not much intervention. The best pruning time is March.

IRRIGATION

Depending on the climate and soil type, watering should be performed at intervals of 7-10 days from April to October to wetting the root depth of the seedlings 30-50 cm. For the adult loquat garden, the most appropriate form of irrigation is the pan method.

Watering should be started in April and May, taking into consideration the end of rainfall, and should be repeated until rainfall with 15-20 days intervals according to the weather and soil moisture conditions.

Soil analysis results are used before and during the establishment of a garden for brazing. However, when the seedlings grow and yield later, it is absolutely necessary to carry out soil analysis and leaf analysis.

HARVEST

The fruits to be harvested must have their normal size and color.

The most suitable form of harvesting is cut by scissors with 2-3 mm stalk on the fruit.

Harvested fruits should be separated into two dyes. The largest, disease-free and showy fruits that we can call 1st class should be selected and placed in boxes without bruising.